Teeth have a central cavity in them, which houses the nerves and the blood vessels. They are responsible for the sensation of the teeth and also provide them with the required nourishment. Endodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of root canal infections. We have a well-experienced dentist here at Enviable Smiles who has handled hundreds of root canal surgeries.
What causes a root canal infection?
Cavities: The most common cause of a root canal infection is cavities. Improper brushing and excessive consumption of sugary foods lead to the build-up of a film of bacteria on the teeth. Over time, it forms plaque and tartar, which leads to the erosion of the enamel and forms cavities. Cavities can severely infect the pulp and even spread the infection to the adjoining teeth, gums, and jawbone as well.
Injuries: External trauma to the mouth could crack or fracture the teeth. When they aren’t treated or restored properly, the microbes on the teeth can enter the root canal through the cracks and infect the pulp.
Large Fillings: When there are large fillings on the teeth, such as inlays, there are chances of re-infection of the cavity.
What are the symptoms that show you need a root canal?
- Excruciating pain in the infected tooth
- Bleeding and release of pus from the tooth and the surrounding gums
- Formation of an abscess
- Loosening of the tooth from the socket
- Pain and tenderness of the gums
How is root canal therapy performed?
The main aim of the therapy is to remove the infected pulp from the tooth and restore it to its original state as much as possible. Local anesthesia would be administered to numb the area around the tooth, and a relaxant may be used to calm the patient.
The dentist will make a small hole made onto the tooth, and the infected pulp is extracted. The walls of the cavity will be scrubbed thoroughly to remove any residue and to get rid of the microbes. Medication may be introduced into the cavity to arrest the spread of the infection. A filling material will be used to cover the hole. Usually, a crown will be placed over it so that it stays intact and doesn’t crumble due to the application of forces while chewing or biting.
To learn more, call us at (281) 972-4747 or visit our practice at 9451 Cullen BLVD. STE D, Houston, TX 77051. We will be happy to guide you further.